myPhysicsLab Documentation

# Getting Numbers with Javascript

To get numeric data from a myPhysicsLab simulation using Javascript, follow the steps below.

Open the terminal window by clicking the “terminal” checkbox.

Make sure you are using the simple-compiled version of the simulation. There should be a link to the simple-compiled version on the simulation’s web page, or find it in the set of simple-compiled applications.

Type `help` in the command box (and hit return of course) to see available Terminal commands.

Set your desired initial conditions on the simulation.

Find the names of the variables by typing `names` into the Terminal command box. For the Double Pendulum simulation you would see this

``````SIM_VARS.ANGLE_1;
SIM_VARS.ANGLE_1_VELOCITY;
SIM_VARS.ANGLE_2;
SIM_VARS.ANGLE_2_VELOCITY;
SIM_VARS.ACCELERATION_1;
SIM_VARS.ACCELERATION_2;
SIM_VARS.KINETIC_ENERGY;
SIM_VARS.POTENTIAL_ENERGY;
SIM_VARS.TOTAL_ENERGY;
SIM_VARS.TIME
``````

Enter the following script into the Terminal command box. (You can copy and paste all the lines at once.)

``````var angle1 = sim.getVarsList().getVariable('ANGLE_1');
var angle1v = sim.getVarsList().getVariable('ANGLE_1_VELOCITY');
var angle2 = sim.getVarsList().getVariable('ANGLE_2');
var angle2v = sim.getVarsList().getVariable('ANGLE_2_VELOCITY');
var timeVar = sim.getVarsList().getVariable('TIME');
var printVar = (v) => v.getValue().toFixed(3);
var memo = new GenericMemo(function(){
println(printVar(timeVar)+'\t'
+printVar(angle1)+'\t'
+printVar(angle1v)+'\t'
+printVar(angle2)+'\t'
+printVar(angle2v)
)});
memo.memorize();
``````

To memorize the starting initial conditions, we call the `memorize()` function once before starting the simulation.

You can modify the `printVar` function to format the numbers however you want. For example you can use Javascript’s Number.toExponential or one of the `myphysicslab.lab.Util` number format functions like Util.NF5E.

To see it working try this link (and click the “play” button).

Run the simulation as long as you want. Click the “stop” button (or use a script to automatically stop at a certain time). You will see output like this:

You can then select the numeric text, copy and paste to a spreadsheet or text file. For example I was able to generate this graph from the Double Pendulum with a simple Python program.

## Change Time Interval for Printing

If you want to print less data, you can modify the script to use a time interval. The `lastPrint` variable remembers when we last printed data.

``````var angle1 = sim.getVarsList().getVariable('ANGLE_1');
var angle1v = sim.getVarsList().getVariable('ANGLE_1_VELOCITY');
var angle2 = sim.getVarsList().getVariable('ANGLE_2');
var angle2v = sim.getVarsList().getVariable('ANGLE_2_VELOCITY');
var timeVar = sim.getVarsList().getVariable('TIME');
var printVar = (v) => v.getValue().toFixed(3);
var lastPrint = -1;
var memo = new GenericMemo(function(){
var t=timeVar.getValue();
if (t-lastPrint>=0.24) {
lastPrint=t;
println(printVar(timeVar)+'\t'
+printVar(angle1)+'\t'
+printVar(angle1v)+'\t'
+printVar(angle2)+'\t'
+printVar(angle2v))
}
});
memo.memorize();
``````

(Note that we use 0.24 instead of 0.25 to get output every 0.25 seconds, because the underlying time step is 0.025 and numerical errors mean time is not always an exact multiple of 0.025.)

Here is output from running the above script in the Double Pendulum simulation. Time is in the first column.

``````0.000	0.393	0.000	0.000	0.000
0.250	0.202	-1.363	0.173	1.185
0.500	-0.108	-0.836	0.354	-0.092
0.750	-0.160	0.443	0.094	-1.909
1.000	-0.003	0.404	-0.404	-1.474
1.250	-0.020	-0.515	-0.525	0.523
1.500	-0.226	-0.881	-0.188	1.810
1.750	-0.292	0.476	0.130	0.513
2.000	-0.010	1.581	0.056	-0.914
2.250	0.308	0.676	-0.087	0.109
2.500	0.284	-0.821	0.135	1.549
2.750	0.039	-0.792	0.480	0.717
``````